Introduction
Dr. Joe Temple

Introduction

Open your Bibles, please, to the book of Exodus, chapter 29, verse 1:

Exodus 29

1And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,
2And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.
3And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.
4And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

Skip to verse 10 because the paragraph in between deals with the clothing of the high priest which we have been studying. Now the high priest has been clothed and further action is necessary. Notice verse 10:

Exodus 29

10And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.
11And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
12And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.
13And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.
14But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.
15Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
16And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.
17And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.
18And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
19And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
20Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
21And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.
22Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:
23And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD:
24And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.
25And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
26And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.
27And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:
28And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.
29And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them.
30And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.
31And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place.
32And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
33And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.
34And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
35And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.
36And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.
37Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.
38Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.
39The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:
40And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.
41And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
42This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.
43And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.
44And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest's office.
45And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.
46And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.

You are probably wondering why I read this lengthy passage of Scripture. There certainly is a lot of confusing information in it if you want to take it as a whole. We will not try to digest it all now. I wanted to read it to you because I want you to compare it with chapter 8 of the book of Leviticus. We will not take the time to read this chapter, but will just point out various paragraphs which indicate the similarity of the two chapters.

In the first nine verses you will notice a description of the garments of the high priest and the manner in which Moses clothed Aaron. Beginning with verse 10 and continuing through verse 13, we find the anointing of the high priest recorded. Beginning with verse 14 and continuing through the rest of the chapter, there is the record of how Moses performed the offering which he was commanded to do in chapter 30 of the book of Exodus.

I suggest that you read chapter 8 of the book of Leviticus because I would like for you to keep something in mind that we might be prone to forget–that we are studying the book of Exodus verse by verse, chapter by chapter. A great portion of the book deals with the tabernacle, of course, so we have been spending time on the tabernacle. Since we have completed its study and its construction, you might think we have come to the end of our study. That would be true if we were studying the tabernacle alone, but we are not. We are studying the book of Exodus, and that is why we have read chapter 29 as we have. Chapter 40 of Exodus ties in very closely with chapter 29, so when we come to chapter 29 we are coming, for all practical purposes, to the last chapter in the book.

As we studied the book of Exodus, we have found in the first thirty chapters of the book the preparation for the tabernacle and the building of the tabernacle and instructions relating to the building of it. In chapters 31-34, there was an interval in which we learned why it was necessary to build the tabernacle. Beginning with chapter 35 and continuing to the end of the book, we found the description of how Moses and his workmen complied with instructions which were given in the earlier part of the book. So there would seem to be a repetition. In seeing the unity of the book of Exodus, you will see how the book of Leviticus has its roots in the book of Exodus and how desirable it is to study the one with the other.

For example, in chapter 29 of Exodus we have described for us all the offerings which we will be seeing offered in this tabernacle. Then in chapters 1-7 of the book of Leviticus, we have those offerings described in detail. In Exodus, chapter 29, they are mentioned merely in relation to the priesthood. But in chapter 1-6 of Leviticus they are described in detail not only in relation to the priest, but in relation to the people.

In chapter 8 of the book of Leviticus, we find Moses fulfilling the command God gave him. Some eight times over it is stated that Moses was doing what he was doing because God commanded him to do it.

I hope that with these few introductory remarks you are able to tie together in your minds the book of Exodus and the book of Leviticus because we will go from this chapter 29 into a detailed discussion of the book of Leviticus.

Basic Description of the Offerings

We want to look now at the offerings described in Exodus, chapter 29, in a general way, for every offering which is described in detail in the first seven chapters of Leviticus is presented in embryonic form in chapter 29 of the book of Exodus.

If you will go back to Exodus, you will notice the first offerings which were to be presented before the Lord in connection with the consecration of the priest. In the last part of chapter 29, we read of sacrifices in which lambs were used, but they were for an entirely different purpose. Moses was instructed to take one young bullock and then he was told to take two rams, all without blemish. Then he was to take a basket, and in that basket he was to put three things. According to verse 2, he was to put in some unleavened bread. Then he was to put in some cakes, a little different from bread in that though they were unleavened, they were tempered with oil. Then he was to put a third thing–wafers tempered with oil. The significant thing about them was that they were made out of wheaten flour, made out of wheat. Some such cakes were made of barley and some were made of other things, but these were made of wheat.

He was to take Aaron and Aaron's sons and he was to take the young bullock, the two rams and the basket of bread, and he was to come into the courtyard of the tabernacle. He was to tether the animals at a place provided. At what is referred to as the “door of the tabernacle” and which actually was the brazen altar, he was to offer the bullock, the rams and the bread, the cakes and the wafers. When Aaron and his sons had been consecrated, they went into the holy place inside the tabernacle. The flesh of the ram of consecration was cooked, and for seven days they feasted upon the sacrifices. No one had contact with anyone else. They were completely separated from the Lord.

Illustration of Christ's Sacrifice

These are the basic facts. In these facts are spiritual lessons which we need to learn. We will attempt to learn only the general things which are brought to our attention in some of these sacrifices. Notice the first thing that is brought to our attention in verse 10:

Exodus 29

10And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.
11And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
12And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.
13And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.
14But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

Let us think about the things that were done with the bullock and their significance. A bullock was brought up to the main altar. Moses was standing there. Aaron and his sons were standing there. The first thing that Moses said to Aaron and his sons was, “Put your hand on the head of the bullock.” So each of them reached out and put his hand on the head of the bullock. Why? The answer, as we shall see in detail as we study the first six chapters of the book of Leviticus, was a matter of identification. When Aaron and his sons put their hands upon the bullock, they were identifying themselves with the bullock so that for all practical purposes the bullock became them in the sight of God, and they became the bullock in the sight of God. When the bullock was placed upon the altar as a sacrifice, it was the same as if they were being placed upon the altar as a sacrifice to atone for their sins. Keep in mind what this particular thing was called, in verse 14:

Exodus 29

14But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

So this sin offering meant that the bullock was dying in the place of Aaron and his sons. Paul emphasized the same thing when he said, “I am crucified with Christ” (Galatians 2:20).

It is difficult for us to grasp with our finite minds how when Christ died on the Cross, we died there, too. We cannot grasp it; we cannot explain it, but it is illustrated in what we are talking about. We were crucified with Christ. That is why the debt of sin has been completely paid.

Cleansed By the Blood

When the bullock was slain and the blood flowed, Moses caught the blood in the basin dedicated for that purpose. Then notice what he did. He took his finger and put some blood on each of the four horns of the altar. As you remember, each horn was to be anointed with blood. We wonder what was the reason for that. In a moment we shall see; we will turn to the book of Hebrews to find the answer.

Notice one more thing that Moses did with the blood of the bullock. After he dipped his finger and anointed the horns of the altar, he took the bowl of blood, or bowls full, as the case may have been–because all the blood was drained from the sacrifice–and poured out that blood around the base of the altar until every last drop of blood was gone. Why? What was the significance of this particular thing?

Turn with me, please, to chapter 9 of the book of Hebrews. We have told you at other times that the book of Hebrews is a good commentary on the Old Testament and portions of it are a very good commentary on the tabernacle itself. Let us begin at verse 19:

Hebrews 9

19For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,
20Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

You will remember that we read how Moses did that when he took the law of God down from the mountain to the people. Now verse 21:

Hebrews 9

21Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.

He sprinkled all the utensils and all the pieces of furniture which were used in connection with the tabernacle with blood.

Hebrews 9

22And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission [of sin] .
23It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Why did Moses dip his finger in the blood and touch each horn of the altar? Because it was necessary that everything in the tabernacle be cleansed with blood.

You may say, “Why was that essential?” The answer is that not one thing is clean in God's sight, not one thing. Even the heavens are not clean in His sight. The angels God does not even trust. Why? Because when Satan passed through the heavens to the earth, he contaminated everything with which he came in contact. There is not one clean thing in God's sight. We would not have an altar upon which a sacrifice could be offered unless the alter was cleansed as well because whatever touched the altar would take upon itself the virtues of the altar. The altar had to be cleansed with the sin offering as did Aaron and his sons. This is the primary purpose of the sin offering.

However, there may still be a question in your minds as to why all the blood was poured out at the foot of the altar. It was necessary because these Old Testament incidents are pictures of New Testament truths. After the Lord Jesus Christ died on the Cross, He rose again, as you know. When He rose again, there was not one drop of blood in His veins. The blood flowed from His side. The blood flowed from the prints of the nails in His hands. The blood flowed from the holes in His feet. When He rose again, not one bit of blood was left.

When He met the disciples, as John records in his Gospel, and they were fearful of Him and did not know exactly what to think, He said, “Touch me and see that I am real. I am not a spirit, for a spirit does not have flesh and bone as you see me have. I have flesh and bone, but no blood.” Why? Because the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ was given on the altar as an atonement for the soul. If one bit of blood had been left of that sacrifice or had been kept in any kind of container, it would have indicated that the sacrifice was not complete. It was all poured out at the foot of the altar that we might see in an Old Testament picture that Christ died for our sins as the Apostle Paul said, according to the Scriptures (I Corinthians 15:3).

Flesh Consumed By Fire

Notice that the flesh of the bullock in verse 14 is all consumed by fire upon the altar. Did you notice that specific organs of the body were mentioned as being consumed? The interesting details of that we will uncover as we get to Leviticus, but the general statement that will suffice for now is that these were vital organs that could be uncovered only in death. There is no way of uncovering these organs and putting them upon the altar without the death of the animal involved. Is that so important? Is it not enough just to say that Christ died? God wanted to prove in statement and picture that the death of Christ was a reality, for you see, Satan has been spreading lies from the time they took Christ down from the Cross to this very hour, that Christ did not really die.

Many are the stories that are told. One of them you saw in the papers not too long ago, how Christ had everything arranged in detail; He had an agreement with one of His followers that He would give Him a deathlike drug when He said, “I thirst.” You will remember that the Scriptures say that the Lord Jesus Christ said, “I thirst,” and someone handed Him a sponge filled with vinegar. Well, the story is told that it was a drug that induced a deathlike appearance. They took Him down from the Cross, having bribed the soldiers not to break His legs as they did in other cases. Then they took His body from the tomb and revived Him and at the proper time produced Him so that it could be said that He had been raised from the dead. That is just one of many stories that the Devil has told concerning the death of the Lord Jesus Christ.

The Scriptures testify of Jesus Christ. This Old Testament sacrifice was designated to uncover the vital organs of this bullock and lay them upon the altar and consume them with fire so that there would be absolutely no question in anyone's mind that the bullock was dead.

You will notice in verse 14 of chapter 29 that in addition to the burning of the inner parts of the animal:

Exodus 29

14But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

The reason for the burning without the camp was that it was a sin offering. When Aaron and his priests touched the bullock, they contaminated it; they passed upon it all their sins. It could not remain within the sacred precincts of the tabernacle; it was not burned upon the altar as were the inner parts, but was taken outside the gate out into the area surrounding the courtyard and was consumed there.

When we studied the tabernacle, we found that some of the tribes were on that side, and some of the tribes were on this side. They got beyond the tents and burned the skin of this bullock. Why? Because he was not worthy to be burned within the camp.

Turn, please, to chapter 13 of the book of Hebrews to see that this is the true account that the animal could not be burned within the courtyard because of sin:

Hebrews 13

11For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.

Pause for a moment. The writer of Hebrews is discussing Aaron's activity in the worship. Aaron could not begin until the mediator, Moses, carried on the first sacrifices. Aaron continued them after Moses. Notice what it says:

Hebrews 13

11For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.
12Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.

Where was the Lord Jesus Christ crucified? It was without the city walls, not within the city of Jerusalem. Why? It is quite beside the point why the Roman government wanted Him so to die. There was a hill there. It was a hill of execution. The real reason He died there was that in the Old Testament God gave a picture of what it would be when Jesus died, and the picture was fulfilled. He suffered without the gate.

Go Without the Camp

Though it does not apply primarily to our lesson, we would not be doing justice to our Scripture if we did not read the next few verses, for the Holy Spirit makes an application that we should not miss:

Hebrews 13

13Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
14For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.
15By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.
16But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

May I ask a question, trusting that the Holy Spirit will minister it to your own hearts? Are you willing to go forth with Him without the camp, bearing His reproach? Are you? Have you? How much has it really cost you to identify yourself with the Lord Jesus Christ? Have you found it necessary to go without the camp? There are many people today who will not do what they know they should do because to do it would mean that they would have to go without the camp. They would have to go to the place of reproach, and they are not willing to pay the price. They do not mind following the Lord if it is popular to follow Him, but when the times comes to go without the camp, they stay at the gate. They won't go all the way out. Are you willing to go without the camp? The day may come, and perhaps before long, when you will have to make that decision. Be thinking about it.

Offering the Sacrifice of Praise

We do not have animal sacrifices to offer, but we do have the privilege of offering something to the Lord, and it is suggested in verse 15. It is not the only thing, but it is among several things that we have to offer:

Hebrews 13

15…let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually,…

That is good–to praise the Lord–isn't it? When we lift our hearts in praise to Him we are offering a sacrifice. But did you notice that I left something out?

Hebrews 13

15…that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.

It is not hard to praise the Lord when everything is going well, is it? But we are to praise the Lord continually. It is to be a practice in our life. I am wondering how many of us live a life where praise is continually on our lips. You answer the question.

Hebrews 13

16But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

The thought of the verse is that God is also well pleased with those sacrifices. You see, there are some of us who are rather adept at praising the Lord, and we can praise Him continually, but we might forget to communicate. Do you know what “communicate” means? Literally, it means to put your pocket book where your mouth is. That is just what it means. The word “communicate” means to share in a financial way in the Lord's work. Do you realize then that your giving is a sacrifice? It is an act of worship.

That is why here at Abilene Bible Church we are so concerned when it comes time to pass the collection plate. We don't like to call it a “collection plate”. it is not a matter of making collections. It is not a matter of folk helping out a little. It is a matter of offering a sacrifice to God. If your giving is done in this spirit, you ought never to apologize for what you give.

I understand why some do. I have talked to some very sincere people who have been able to give only what they call a very small amount to the Lord. They apologize for it. They shouldn't. It is a sacrifice. I don't mean that it is a sacrifice in the sense that they had to do something in order to give, though they may have, but it is an act of worship. It means as much to God as the bullock on the altar in the tabernacle. God is well pleased with that sacrifice.

Another sacrifice that you could offer is doing good. Do good, and forget not to communicate. That is a broad command. All of this has grown out of the sacrifice of the bullock, which is a sin offering.


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