Dinner on the Grounds
Tim Temple


We come to two stories that are very familiar to us, and we need to pay very close attention because we are so familiar with them. When we come to a familiar passage of Scripture, it is very easy to put our minds in neutral and think about something else; but there is always a blessing when we look at the Word, no matter how well we may know it.

In this lesson, we are in a different set of circumstances than we were in our last lesson, and God speaks to us about different things, so I hope that you do not ever take the attitude that because you have studied this at some other time in the past, you will not need to study it again.

In John, chapter 6, we have these very familiar stories. The significant thing is the location of these two stories in the book of John, and it is true also in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke. The writers place these stories right after the time of the death of John the Baptist. John doesn't mention that, but in the course of Jesus' life, He had just gotten the message that John the Baptist was imprisoned. In the first part of the chapter, we see Him going away to get away from the crowds and to rest and to grieve over John.

The chapter falls into three parts. First, in verses 1-21, we have this demonstration of Christ's power with the two familiar stories; then we have a very long section of Jesus' discourse about provision, in verses 22-58; then in verses 59-71, we have the vision of Jesus' people.

A Demonstration of Provision

In this study, we will be looking at this demonstration of Christ's power in verses 1-21. There are two ways that He makes this demonstration. One is by provision, in verses 1-14, and the other is by protection in verses 15-21. In setting the stage for this well known event of the feeding of the five thousand, we notice first the crowd that necessitated the provision, in verses 1-5a. Notice, beginning in verse 1:

John 6

1After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias.
2And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.
3And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.
4And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.
5When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?

Jesus, in verse 1, withdraws from the crowd. In chapter 5, we saw the real opposition to Jesus beginning as the leaders of the Jews questioned Him about His miracle of healing the man at the pool of Bethesda. From that day forward, they set out to find whatever way they could to murder Him and get rid of Him. We read that after these things, Jesus withdrew. He went across the Sea of Galilee, and His intention, I think, was to have some time alone and apart to grieve over the death of John the Baptist and to think through what He was going to do next.

I think that it should be comforting to people who are grieving to know that Jesus had these same kinds of emotions that we as human beings have. Of course, He was a human being. Besides that grief, He was also very tired. He had just had this emotional standoff with the Pharisees and the Sadducees, so He needed some time to Himself. Everybody needs enough rest, particularly when you are in a time of stress, and particularly when you have been serving the Lord. You need to have time to recoup your strength, and Jesus Himself is the best example of that.

Notice that even at a time like this, the people still seek Him out. In verse 2, we see that a great multitude followed Him because they saw His signs that He performed on those who were diseased. Even though the leaders were rejecting Him the people were still following Him. It is interesting to see how often that happens.

I was talking with someone just today about one of the denominations that has been thought of as a liberal denomination for a number of years. It is true of that denomination, and I think that it is basically true about all denominations, that when you get to looking into it, what you discover is that it is the leadership within those denominations who is so liberal. The people whom you meet from that denomination, by and large, are still very conservative people. A great many of the individuals within those churches still hold the principles that brought that church to prominence in the first place. The leaders many times are completely out of touch with the people, but that is something that has been true of humans all down through the years. Very many times people who are in the leadership, especially when there is a bureaucracy involved, are completely out of step with the people.

Here were these Jewish leaders, in chapter 5, setting out to put Jesus to death, resisting Him at every turn, but the people were still following Jesus and coming to Him anywhere they could find Him. Beginning in verse 10, we see Jesus' reaction to these people—He served them. He had compassion on them, and He served them. He saw their need for food, and He fed them. Most of us, I am afraid, consider ourselves too busy or too involved in our own needs to take time for these people, but Jesus reached out to them. Even though He was busy, even though He was fatigued, He reached out to meet their needs. Later, He taught His disciples this same attitude. In Matthew, chapter 20, verses 25-28, He said, “Even the Son of man did not come to be ministered unto, but to minister and to give His life a ransom for many.”

It is important to remember that He included that. Jesus did not come just to feed the hungry. For some reason, the liberals pick up on these things that Jesus did. He did come to serve, but He came primarily to give His life as a ransom. He did all of those other things in His grace, but His ultimate purpose was not to just feed people and to heal people, but to give His life as a ransom for many.

Farther down in that passage, He tells His disciples, “He that would be the greatest among you, let him be the servant of all.” Jesus Himself is that example, and here is a passage where Jesus does exactly that. Verse 10 also shows how many people were involved in this. Look down at verse 10:

John 6

10…So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.

One of the other Gospel writers says that that was besides women and children. We wouldn't know that just from John's report, although this is one of those places where we might assume that men means “male.” As you know, the word man or men doesn't always mean just “males.” Sometimes it is a generic term for the whole human race; but in this case, it is apparently 5,000 males. Anywhere there are 5,000 males, especially in religious activities, there is probably going to be another 5,000 or more females. It seems that women always outnumber men in religious things. It shouldn't be that way, but it seems that it often is. There would have also been children there, so there were many more than 5,000 who were fed on this occasion. This was a tremendous undertaking that Jesus was faced with. Verses 5-9 show Jesus' concern for that provision. Look at verse 5:

John 6

5…he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?

This is an easily overlooked statement that He makes to Philip, but it is very important. It shows Jesus' wisdom. In fact, it goes on to say, in verse 6, that He did this to test Philip. Of course, Jesus knew where He was going to get the food, but He knew that Philip and the other disciples didn't know, and so He turned to Philip. Being the master teacher that He was, He said, “What are we going to do about this situation?” In doing that, He put the burden directly on the disciples' shoulders, so they would realize their inadequacy. Verses 7-9 go on to describe that dilemma that this created for the disciples. The statement of the dilemma is in verse 7:

John 6

7Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.

Philip was already considering his options, and he realized that they didn't even have enough money to do this. Verse 7 tells us that Philip got the point, and he realized that this was an impossible situation. Even if they had a great deal of money, it wouldn't be enough to feed these people. In verse 8, we read:

John 6

8One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,
9There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?

Here is part of the dilemma. What little that they had was in the hands of a little boy, and Andrew summed it up perfectly when he said, “…what are they among so many? We have a little bit of food here, but what are they with so many?” One Bible teacher, in commenting on this, says that the real miracle was not only that Jesus fed so many with so little, but that a growing boy still had his lunch uneaten at three o'clock in the afternoon.

Maybe you have been in that place, not with five loaves and two fish, but maybe with your financial resources or your energy or emotional resources. You thought that this thing is too big for what little you have, or maybe you have heard of someone else and their need, and you have felt very compassionate about that need. You take pity on that person, but you say, “What little I have wouldn't even begin to help.” I want you to notice what Jesus did. We read in verse 9 about what little they had, but in verse 10, Jesus said:

John 6

10…Make the men sit down…

Jesus immediately took that situation, and we know from the other Gospels that He took those loaves and fish. Jesus could have very easily disregarded the loaves and the fish. He could have done a miracle. He could have created 1,000 sausage biscuits, or 50,000 Big Macs, or whatever it took to meet that need, but He took what little they had, and He made use of that. He didn't criticize them because it was so small.

You know, that is a wonderful thing, because no matter how small or insignificant we are, or how small or insignificant our abilities are, or how small our money is, Jesus can take that and use it for His purposes. He doesn't criticize us because we have so little, because He is the One Who has given us everything that we have in the first place. Jesus knows how little you have to face that situation that you face or to participate in that situation that your friend faces. God knows how little you have because He gave you what little you do have. All He asks is that we give Him what little we do have and let the multiplication of it be His work.

The little boy apparently gave the food to Andrew or to Philip, and Jesus took that and worked with it. Many times when we see what little we have, we think that God is just going to have to go to somebody else, and so we back away without even investigating. At least the disciples had the faith to tell Jesus, even though they said, “What is so little among so many?” At least they threw out the possibility and let Him know that it was there. Don't fail to bring to Jesus whatever little you have. Don't think that God is going to have to look around for somebody else to use. He may look around and find someone else, but He won't have to just because you have so little. If He is directing you to get involved, He can use whatever little you have and multiply it greatly.

Orderliness of the Provision

Beginning in verse 10, we have the situation about what Jesus did with that food. Notice first the orderliness with which Jesus did this. He first had them sit down. Mark says that they sat in groups of 50 and 100. John just says that they sat on the grass, but this demonstrates again that God is not the author of confusion. God does work in mysterious ways, but when you see Him doing something, it is in an orderly way.

I think that another reason that Jesus had the men sit down was probably so that they would be able to see clearly the nature of this miracle. Notice that He had them sit down before He provided the food. At this point, all they could see was a little boy's lunch box, if they could even see that.

Operation of the Provision

Verse 11 talks about the operation of the provision:

John 6

11And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.

The first thing that He did was to give thanks for that food. Of course, that sets the precedent for our giving thanks for food. Paul was to write later that when we pray over our food, God sets it apart and sanctifies it for us. God reciprocates. Giving thanks for our meals is not just a Christian tradition. It has a purpose. First, it reminds us and it shows God that we do remember that He is the One Who provides our daily bread, but somehow God sets that food apart for our good if we pray over it. Jesus prayed over this food, and then He gave it to the disciples, and the disciples gave to those who were sitting down. He did that with the bread and the fish. This is a biblical principle and an important principle, even though it might not appear so on the surface. One of my favorite verses, and one that is very convicting to me as a pastor, is Ezra, chapter 7, verse 10, which says:

Ezra 7

10For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments.

Ezra was the scribe who was involved in resettling Israel after the Babylonian captivity, and he was a very godly man. One of the reasons that God was able to use him so effectively in settling the land of Israel was that he had made up his mind and made it his purpose to seek the law of the LORD. He sought to know what it said, to study the Word of God. Since the first time I heard this Scripture, it captured my attention that he sought the law of the LORD to do it, and then to teach in Israel statutes and judgments. That is the principle of the way God works, and I have to admit that I haven't always been faithful to that.

It is possible to seek the law of the LORD, to study the Word of God and to teach it. God blesses that because God blesses His Word, but God's principle, whether we follow it or not, is to study the Word of God in order to do it. Every pastor's responsibility and every Christian's responsibility is to seek the law of the LORD in order to do it. Even if it goes no farther than that, that is God's principle. We are to study the Word of God in order to do it ourselves, and as we study the Word of God and live on the basis of the Word of God, then we are able to effectively teach others as Ezra did.

That is exactly what we have as an object lesson here in the feeding of the five thousand. The disciples took it from Jesus, and then they gave it to the others. It is what I call the principle of overflow . As I say, it is possible to teach the Word of God and to share the things of God with other people without it coming through our hearts, but the effective teaching of the Word of God or any kind of ministry is a ministry that comes to us first and then out of the overflow of what God does in our hearts, we share that with others. That is the way that God always wants to work.

It is interesting to notice the phrase, as much as they wanted . I have noticed several times that some of these places that used to advertise all you can eat , are now advertising all that you care to eat . I don't know if that is because they got wiped out so many times by people with big capacity, or why they changed the wording on that, but it reminds me of a story that I heard a pastor in Dallas tell a few years ago that happened while driving through Florida. He saw a lemonade stand that said, “All you can drink, 25 cents.” He stopped and said, “Does that sign really mean what it says? Can I really drink all I want for 25 cents?” The operator of the lemonade stand said, “Yes, that is right.” He said, “Give me a glass of lemonade.” He put his quarter down and drank that lemonade, and it was so delicious that he put his glass down and said, “Give me another glass.” The operator of the lemonade stand said, “That will be another 25 cents.” The drinker said, “Wait a minute. You just said that I could have all that I could drink for 25 cents.” The operator of the stand said, “You just had all that you can drink for 25 cents. Now you are going to have to pay another 25 cents.”

Jesus didn't do that here in verse 12. They could have as much as they wanted. We assume from that, knowing men as we do, that the disciples may have made several trips around giving more fish to these people. They could have as much as they wanted. There was no question that Jesus had made an abundance of food and everybody was satisfied.

Objective of the Provision

In verses 12-14, we see the objective in this provision. Why did Jesus do this in the first place? Look at verse 12:

John 6

12When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.
13Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.

Here is, first, the objective for the disciples. Remember that this was a miraculous thing in the first place, and since it was a miracle, obviously, Jesus did not miscalculate. They didn't have all of this food left over because Jesus didn't know how much to provide; so He just provided as much as He could come up with, and it just happened that there were twelve baskets left over. Obviously, part of the miracle was that Jesus provided enough for everybody to eat all that they wanted. Then they had exactly twelve baskets left over. That was deliberately aimed at the disciples. He had put them in the position of saying, “Lord, there isn't anything that we can do about this. All of the money that we could put together wouldn't be enough to begin to feed this crowd.” They knew that their resources were not enough, and so Jesus teaches them in this that not only are His resources enough, but enough to meet their personal needs as well.

That is another promise that God makes to us in ministry: “My God shall supply all of your needs according to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus” (Philippians 4:19). Sometimes people have taken that verse out of context and said, “God is going to give me whatever I need.” There is a general sense in which that is true, but if you remember the context in which Paul wrote that, you know that the Philippians had been giving to Paul. They were some of the few people that had been supporting him financially. Paul said, “If you continue to give to the Lord's work, in whatever way He leads you to do (in that context), God will provide all of your needs according to His riches in glory.”

Think what would have happened if that little boy had not been willing to give his lunch to the disciples that day or if the disciples had wandered off by themselves and divided it up among themselves. They would have missed a great miracle. Sunday School teachers would have missed a great Sunday School lesson all down through the years. They wouldn't have had nearly as much as they had by giving it to God.

I think that was God's objective for the disciples and for us as disciples. If we are willing to bring what little we have to God, He will not only use that for whatever purposes we are bringing it, but also make sure that we have enough. You cannot out-give God. You can't give away what He has given you and not have something left for yourself. That is God's principle and God's purpose. “He is able to do exceedingly, abundantly above all that we can ask or think” (Ephesians 3:20).

Objective for the Diners

In verse 14, we have the objective for the diners:

John 6

14Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.

Jesus had compassion on all of these people. He knew that it was late in the day, and they had come way out in the wilderness to see Him and they were hungry, but Jesus' purpose was not to just feed the hungry. His objective was just what these men saw in verse 14: “Truly this Man is the Prophet Who was to come into the world.” Even though I mention it nearly every time we talk about the Gospel of John, and I certainly mention it every time we see one of Jesus' miracles, the thing that I want to drill into your head is that the miracles were always for showing Who Jesus was. The gracious things that He did were purely secondary.

I am amazed at the people who don't seem to understand that. I was recently involved in a group meeting where we observed the Lord's Supper as part of what we were doing. The ones who were directing the Lord's Supper went into a long discourse on how Jesus healed people and how Jesus fed people because that was what He came to do. I don't mean it critically of the person who made that statement, although I was surprised because I thought He was a person who knew the Scripture better than that. Jesus did not just come to feed the hungry, and He did not come to just heal people. As I have said so many times before, if that was what He came for, He was a failure because there were a lot of hungry folks that afternoon after those 5,000 men were fed. There were a lot of sick folk left when Jesus died on the Cross. Jesus came to show Who He was and, in doing that, He always ministered to people who were in need.

We see in verse 14 that His purpose was accomplished. When we get down to the end of the chapter, we are going to see that this is not salvation in verse 14. Some of the 5,000 may have trusted Christ as their Savior, but the common statement that was made was, “This is the Prophet Who is to come into the world.” We are going to see that some of these very people went back from following Him. That doesn't mean that they lost their salvation; it just means that they had gone no further than to say, “This is the prophet.” They had not said, “This is the Savior.” They had not said, “This is my Savior.” They just knew that there was something special about Jesus.

God gives every human being that kind of information. Theologians call it common grace . God allows the stars to stay in their places and the earth to keep revolving around the sun so that we have sunrise and sunset. As you know, in Romans, chapter 1, it tells us that by the very creation we know there is a God. God has arranged that in such a way that it is common grace. It is something that everybody has. When He was on earth, He arranged for people to see it even in more detail, but just that knowledge of God is not what saves people. These very men and every human being has to come to the place in their lives where they say, “I believe that Jesus is the Savior. Not only that, but I believe He is my Savior.”

The feeding of the 5,000 accomplished His purpose in making them realize Who He was and to begin to understand more fully who He was. The dinner was just thrown in, free. That was just grace that they had.

A Demonstration of Protection

As we move on, we see another part of the demonstration of power. He demonstrated His power by provision, but also in verses 15-21, by protection of His disciples. In verse 15, we have the dismissal:

John 6

15When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.

The people wanted to make Him their king. In fact, they were about to come and take Him by force and make Him their king. This has always been interesting to me to think about the reasoning of these people. You can easily understand why they wanted to make Him their king. Here was a Man Who could make food. He could just produce food out of nothing. That would be a great king to have. You would never have to worry about the economy. You would never have to worry about agriculture. If worse came to worst, the king could just make food for everybody; but I wonder how they thought that they could take a man like that by force and make him their king. If He could make food, He could probably make bazookas also. How would you make a person like that your king? It shows the silly reasoning that people have, but nonetheless, Jesus saw that was what they had in mind, and so He departed from them.

A question comes up. They wanted to make Him their king, but isn't that why He came into the world in the first place? Didn't He want to be the king of Israel? Isn't He going to be King of kings and Lord of lords? Why would He dismiss Himself from these people? Well, of course, He is going to be King of kings and Lord of lords, but not for the motive they had in mind. All they wanted was material provision. I wonder how many Christians are really in it for what they can get out of it. I think a person can truly be a believer in Jesus Christ, but his major motivation in that being just for what he can get out of it—a good name in the community.

Certainly there are many people who claim to be Christians and are not, who are in it for what they can get out of it. A good name in the community is getting to be less and less of something that is true of Christians, but church membership, at least, is a good thing to have on your resume, along with membership in the Rotary Club and the country club. It just looks good. Maybe people are in it subconsciously thinking that God's blessings are pretty good, and they are going to be the best Christian they can be so God can bless them. That is not the right reason for being rightly related to God. The reason to be a part of God's family is because of Who He is and what He has done for us, not for what we can get out of it. These people were just interested in the physical benefits of having Jesus as their king, and Jesus turned away from them.

Matthew goes into detail to say that at the time He left the people, He sent the disciples on ahead of Him. John doesn't tell us that, but we do read in the next verses that they went on by sea to join Jesus. Jesus was going to join them later. Jesus probably sent the disciples on ahead because He knew they would probably have sided with the crowd. They sort of had that attitude themselves to a certain extent.

The Distress of the Disciples

Verse 17 tells us that the disciples got in a boat, and we begin to see their distress. The conditions of the distress begin in the middle of verse 17 and go on into verse 18:

John 6

17And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.
18And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

Here is a tough situation for the disciples. Not only were they in a distressing situation, but, according to Matthew, they were in this situation because Jesus told them to go there. This is just another reminder that sometimes God deliberately leads us into difficult places. Don't make the mistake of thinking that just because things are difficult, somehow you have stopped following the Lord. How many times have we come into some kind of crisis situation, and we have said, “Well, I thought this is what the Lord wanted me to do. What's happened?” You probably thought right. You probably did do just exactly what the Lord wanted you to do, and the fact that the difficult situation arose does not mean that you were not doing what the Lord wanted you to do. Jesus sent the disciples ahead of Him by sea and right into a storm, and they were in that storm because that was exactly where Jesus told them to go.

James, chapter 1, verse 2, says:

James 1

2My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;

It is something that God brings. I Peter, chapter 3, verse 14, makes the same kind of statement:

I Peter 3

14But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;

God deliberately sends us into difficult times from time to time. The disciples are to be commended for staying there. Notice verse 18:

John 6

18And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.
19So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.

These were experienced seamen. These were professional fishermen, and they went into a storm. Vicious storms come up on the Sea of Galilee because of the geographic location of it and the altitude of it. Here were men who were very familiar with the Sea of Galilee, but they kept on rowing for three or four miles. Matthew says that they rode into the wind. They did things that they would not have ordinarily done because they were where Jesus told them to go, and they are to be commended for that, but in verse 19, we see the actual cause of their distress:

John 6

19So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.

The last four words of verse 19 is one of the greatest understatements in the Bible: “They saw Jesus walking on the water, and they were afraid.” I guess they were. Here they were, in this terrible storm, and they had been out there in the middle of the storm longer than they knew they should have been. Of all things, they see somebody walking on the water. Matthew tells us that they did not know it was Jesus. They just saw someone walking on the water.

The key thing to keep in mind in really getting the emphasis of this verse is that they had never heard this story in Sunday School. They had never heard of anybody walking on the water. We are so familiar with it, but unfortunately we are more familiar with it because of the jokes we hear about it than what the Scripture says about it. We are familiar with this story, but they had never heard it. You would be terrified, too.

Don't be surprised if, when you are following Jesus and He leads you into a difficult situation, you become fearful. Sometimes the difficult situations that the Lord leads us into are so difficult that we can be afraid of what is going to happen or what has happened.

Part of their fear, if you stop to think about it, was that they did not know where Jesus was at this point. John tells us that He went to a mountain. Matthew tells us that He was going to join them later, but at this point, they did not know where Jesus was. They didn't feel the presence of God in that situation, and you may not, either.

By God's grace, I haven't had this experience myself and have not had to face that many really difficult situations, but I know people who have been in very difficult situations that God has led them into. They were very godly people, and they were doing what God led them to do. They have said, “The worst part of it was that I just didn't feel the presence of God.” Well, the disciples didn't feel the presence of God either, but that didn't mean He wasn't there. In fact, He was walking over the very things that were causing their fear. Don't lose heart if you don't feel the presence of God. If you don't know where God is, it doesn't mean that He is not there. In fact, just as with the disciples, He is on top of that situation that is making you so fearful.

The Cure for Their Distress

In verses 20-21, we see the cure for their distress:

John 6

20But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.
21Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.

This doesn't mean that there is a contradiction between John and the other accounts. It simply means that John tells us something here that the others didn't tell us about—another miracle. We remember that Matthew tells us about Peter walking on the water to go to Jesus. Apparently, in addition to that, they just immediately were at the place where they were going. God solved the problem for them.


As we wrap this up, let me summarize what we have seen in these two miracles. First, this passage shows God's principles of provision for His servants. The basic principles are these: First, to be useful to the Lord, you must be willing to serve rather than to be served. Sometimes that will come at a time when we feel that it is our turn to be served. Jesus, even though He had gone away to have some privacy and to have some rest, did one of the most notable miracles out of compassion for people who came to Him.

The second principle is that God is willing to use what we have, no matter how small it is. He can use what little we have to solve bigger problems than we think possible with what we have.

The third principle is the order in which He uses us—from Him to us to others. Don't try to short-circuit that route. From Him to us to others—the principle of overflow. In following that order, He not only uses what little we have, but He also provides for our needs as well. There is always enough left over from what we give Him to use for us to be supplied also.

The final principle that we have talked about is that He protects His servants, no matter what He may send us into. He doesn't say that we will not have to go through the storm. He doesn't say that we will not have to go through the difficulty. He sends us into those kinds of things from time to time, but He is always there to provide for us and to protect us and to bring us to the other side. These are the principles of provisions for God's disciples.

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